Volume 14, July 2020

Esl Reading Assessment Tool For Preschoolers In Malaysia [3-16]
Ng Shi Hui, Lin Siew Eng, Lee Kam Fong, Mansour Amini

Full Text | Abstract

    Learning to read is important to develop language skills. It is a necessary component of any reading assignment in the school system. Although reading ability is vital for academic success, it is often overlooked. The reading assessment of preschoolers in Malaysia does not provide sufficient information about the individual learners’ reading ability. Likewise, despite having English as a second language (ESL)reading assessments available for the primary school level until university level, there is a lack of valid and reliable reading assessment tool designed for the preschoolers to assess their reading abilities. To address this issue, this paper provides a review of the various types of reading assessment on reading ability as well as the role of reading assessment in preschools in order to offer some suggestions to develop a reading assessment tool for preschoolers in Malaysia.
The Critical Review On Article Entitled ‘Central America: The Effect Of Organizational Complexity, Competitive Fears, Budgetary Work Role Importance And Budget Criticality On Budgetary Motivation And Performance’ By Collins, F., Holzmann, O. And Mendoza, R. (1996) [17-23]
Cheok Mui Yee
Full Text | Abstract

    The paper presents a critical review on the empirical findings conducted by Collins, F., Holzmann, O. and Mendoza, R. (1996). It also rationalises purposes of authors for conducting this study. It evaluates the data collection process of their study. Based on their empirical findings, a critical evaluation of the findings is presented to strengthen the worthiness of reading on this article.
Stakeholders Of Rural Homestead Circulation: An Exploratory Study Based On Game Theory [24-36]
Guan Jiang Hua, Guan Xue Yu, Chung Jee Fenn
Full Text | Abstract

    Based on literature review and game theory, this paper studies the allocation of land invisible spill over efficiency among stakeholders in the process of rural homestead circulation. The result shows that farmers are the disadvantageous groups in the rural homestead circulation, whose legal interests couldn’t be guaranteed; ways of compensating farmers are single and social security of farmers is inadequate; the existing rural homestead system constraints the conversion of rural Homestead land, all of the above is the root of conflicts and contradiction among stakeholders. Therefore, this paper proposes several suggestions on how to alleviate the contradiction among farmers, rural local government and homestead users. First, property rights of homestead should be defined, tripartite relationship of ownerships should be reconstructed and rural homestead conversion market should established and perfected; Second, body behaviours of local governments should be standardized to ensure the dominant position of farmers and protect the interests of farmers’ homestead property; Third, the leading roles of rural collective organizations should be strengthened and the collective incentive and restrained mechanisms should be established in homestead conversion. Finally, suitable homestead compensation substitutes should be selected and perfect rural social security systems should be established.
A Study On Factors Influencing Generation Y’s Intention To Visit Shopping Malls In Klang Valley, Malaysia. [37-52]
Alex Chiong Choon Ping, Choe Kin Hwa
Full Text | Abstract

    Malaysia’s retail sector had experienced a significant and accelerating raise since the last decade mainly due to Generation Y strong spending power. This favourable trend had led to drastic booming in the establishment of shopping malls nationwide over the past few years, mainly in the country’s most densely populated Klang Valley region. However, the rapid growth of e-commerce could have mitigated their needs to be physically present in stores. In order to improve patronage which may translate into more sales opportunities and improved performance, mall management and retailers need to examine the factors that drive patronage to the malls. Specifically, the aim of this study is to identify those factors that will influence Generation Y shoppers’ intention to visit shopping malls in Klang Valley. Factors that were examined include (1) convenience and accessibility, (2) internal environment, (3) entertainment, and (4) tenant variety. A total of 300 respondents participated in the study. The findings reveal that all the four hypotheses were supported. Convenience and accessibility are the most significant independent variables; and the other three factors exhibit varying levels of significance. Thus, it is concluded that the shopping mall’s management should make efforts to improve convenience and accessibility such as a one-stop shopping mall, ease of parking and opening hours.
The Impact Of Strategic Human Resource Management Practices On Organizational Performance [53-60]
Akram Abdulraqeb Sultan Al-Khaled, Chung Jee Fenn
Full Text | Abstract

    This report explains the role of strategic human resource management (SHRM) on performance in an organization as a whole. Impacts of SHRM on performance for a company or organisation were also illustrated to fulfil the objectives of this report. Articles and journals were used to further support the views in this report. Strategic human resource management plays a crucial role in managing the organization as the human resource is the heart of any organization. Human resource is basically the study of people. The people, known as the employees are the assets of any company and it is definitely crucial to attain the strategic human resource practices to ensure the organization performance is at its peak. This report emphasizes the human resource as well as the strategic human resource practices that will affect the organizational performance. Companies that adopt good SHRM practices will definitely be able to attain their goals in the long run, to sustain their company in the industry. Having good SHRM practices will be a key competitive advantage for the company overall. A few recommendations were given to further enhance company’s performance by effective management of human resource, particularly in human resource planning.
Determinants Of Wetland Birdwatching Tourism: A Study At Huanggang City, China. [61-76]
Chen Li Jun, Yang Yu Lan, Mao Jia Qin, Chen Cui, Chung Jee Fenn
Full Text | Abstract

    The objective of this study is to investigate factors influencing the decision-making of the actual wetland birdwatching tourists in Huanggang City, China. Based on the previous literatures, all the influencing factors were categorised into three groups, namely industrial factors, social factors and personal factors. This study employed the Factor Analysis as the main data analysis method. By utilising purposive sampling method, a total of 419 tourists participated in this study. The results showed that the overall quality and social level of wetland bird-watchers in Huanggang City is high, however the consumption level is low. The main influencing factors of birdwatching decision are attraction of scenic spots, family members, traffic conditions, interests and hobbies. Through factor analysis, the 16 influential factors of birdwatching decision were divided into 3 dimensions: industry, society and individual. Based on the findings of this study, the following countermeasures and suggestions were provided: stimulate interest and hobbies, form local dependence and identity, encourage the wide participation of all walks of life, turn birdwatching into tourism fashion, perfect infrastructure construction and improve tourism service level.