Volume 17, January 2022

Reward and Commitment in Centre for Black and African Arts and Civilization [3-12]
Babalola O. OGINNI, Toyin S. OLANIYAN and Kolawole S. AJIBOLA
Full Text | Abstract

    The study investigated the influence of an organization’s reward system on employees’ commitment among the workforce of the Centre for Black and African Arts and Civilization (CBAAC). The study adopted descriptive survey research design. The population for this study covered the entire employees of the CBAAC. A total of 295 respondents were selected for the study using Simple Random Sampling technique. The organizational reward system and employee commitment and employee commitment scales were used to collecting data for the study. The study found a positive significant relationship between the organization’s reward system and employees’ commitment. Based on the findings, the study concluded that the organization’s reward system is germane to employees’ commitment and organizational survival.The study recommends that compensation management should be aligned with other human resource practices such as job enrichment, organizational restructuring, and job redesign. Furthermore, the reward components in the employment contract should be made known to employees’ right from selection stage.
Empirical Analysis of Inflation and People’s Wellbeing in Nigeria [13-20]
Kehinde Ajike OLABIYI
Full Text | Abstract

    The living standard of citizens of any country to a great extent indicates her relative global performance. Nigeria is shown to have suffered severely from low standard of living as millions of her people live in abject poverty. High Inflation is recognised as a major macroeconomic challengethat has been confronting the health and wellbeing of the people of the nation. Autoregressive Distributed lag (ARDL) technique was explored in this study to examine the relationship between inflation and people’s wellbeing in Nigeria. The study used annual time series data on life expectancy (proxy of wellbeing), inflation, unemployment, GDP per capita, and openness on Nigeria covering the period of 1981 to 2019. The result indicates evidence of short run and long run relationship between people’s wellbeing and inflation in Nigeria during the period of the study. It shows that a percentage increase in inflation rate hampers wellbeing status of Nigerian by 0.24%. The study recommends that government should pursue an inward looking non-inflationary growth policies that will enhance the wellbeing status of the people of Nigeria. This could be achieved mainly by promoting productivity in the real sector and enhancing exportation in the country.
Challenges and Strategies for English Language Learning in a Higher Education Institution in China  [21-41]
Lin Siew Eng and Liu Jiaxi
Full Text | Abstract

    Chinese undergraduates face many challenges in learning the English language. The objectives of this study are to identify the challenges faced by Chinese undergraduates in learning the English language and explore the learning strategies to overcome the challenges. This study employed partly the quantitative research design of survey questionnaire to identify the challenges Chinese undergraduates encounter when learning English. Selected undergraduates were interviewed to find out the effective learning strategies to overcome the challenges. One hundred non-major English students studying in a higher education institution in China participated in this study. By utilising purposive sampling, six respondents who have passed the CET- 6 test and obtained high grades in the test were selected to find out the effective learning strategies to overcome the challenges. Research findings indicate that most of the undergraduates regarded the interference of the mother tongue as the biggest challenge, followed by a lack of motivation in learning English.  A small percentage of the undergraduates stated that insufficient time and teaching method also hindered their learning of the English language.
Impact of Minimum Wage Administration on Industrial Peace and Employees’ Productivity in Public Secondary Schools in Ogun State, Nigeria. [42-57]
Johnson, FEJOH, Adedayo Wahab, ABDUL and Paul Adekunle, ONANUGA

Full Text | Abstract

    Purpose: The study investigated the impact of minimum wage administration on industrial peace and employees’ productivity in public secondary schools in Ogun State, Nigeria. It established how effective minimum wage administration can enhance industrial peace, employees’ job satisfaction and productivity in public secondary schools in Ogun State, Nigeria. Methods: The study adopted survey research design. A total of three local government areas were studied. The population consisted one hundred and fifty employees spread across the three local government areas namely; Ijebu-Ode, Ijebu-Igbo and Odogbolu Local Government Areas. Five schools were selected in each of the local government areas out of which ten employees were randomly selected in each of the schools, among the selected respondents were the teaching and non-teaching staffs of the selected schools. Forty five respondents were sampled for the study while multistage sampling and stratified simple random technique was adopted as the sampling technique.  Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) was employed in analysing the data generated. Findings: The findings established that wage administration has significant correlation with industrial peace and job performance with correlation coefficients 0.298 and 0.256 respectively. Wage administration also has significant correlation with job performance (r = 0.314). Job performance has significant correlation with employee productivity (r = 0.418). Employee productivity does not have significant correlation with industrial peace and wage administration in public secondary schools in Ogun State. Conclusion: The study concluded that minimum wage administration has a significant relationship with employees’ productivity and a positive impact on industrial peace in public secondary schools in Ogun State. Recommendation: The study recommended that government should endure industrial peace and optimal productivity among staff of public secondary schools through provision adequate rewards like pay rise, promotion regular appraisal of minimum wage administration.
Participation and Consequences in Trade Unionism: Nigerian Workers’ Experience [58-77]
Babalola O. OGINNI, Toyin S. OLANIYAN and Kolawole S. AJIBOLA

Full Text | Abstract

    The study focused on the participation of members in union activities and consequences using Nigerian workers’ experience as the unit of analysis. The study identified nine factors to be responsible for decline in members’ participation in the union activities, identified six (6) factors to explain the loss of interest to participate in union activities by members and the consequences as well as the relationship between demographic characteristics of the respondents and major determinants of members’ participation in union activities. Questionnaire was administered to 112 respondents selected through convenience sampling technique among the major unions in Nigeria. It was found that union leadership behaviour and government attitude towards the union were singled out among factors responsible for decline in members’ participation in union activities likewise non-availability of alternative job and non-evidence of success and government attitude towards union were the potent factors identified for the loss of interest to participate in union activities by members and overall consequence of decline and loss of interest to participate in union activities by members was unfair labour practices in the world of work. Among the demographic characteristics of the respondents Age was positively correlated with union tenure, union commitment and union leadership behaviour but negatively correlated with willingness to participate and marital status has negative correlation with willingness to participate, union commitment and union leadership behaviour. It was concluded that labour environment in Nigeria is devoid of democratic values and recommended that union leadership should engage government on what unionism is all about in order to perceive it positively and believe that employees are partners in progress in the masters’ job.